# Gas Turbine

missing pictures |

Gas turbines run off flammable gases. The main fuels for these are refinery gas, naphtha, biogas, benzene, and random waste gases from oil processing. There are 3 tiers of single block turbines and a multiblock turbine, similar to steam turbines.

## Single Block Turbines

There are 5 gas turbines added by Gregtech, providing 1 amp of their respective tier (LV to IV). Efficiency decreases slightly with higher-tier generators. These turbines use their fuel intelligently- they only produce as much power as needed, and turn off if there's no power draw at all. They don't ever lose fuel over time, don't waste fuel idling, and don't need lubrication.

Name | Tier | EU output, EU/t | Fuel efficiency |
---|---|---|---|

Basic Gas Turbine | LV | 32 | 95% |

Advanced Gas Turbine | MV | 128 | 90% |

Turbo Gas Turbine | HV | 512 | 85% |

Turbo Gas Turbine II | EV | 2048 | 60% |

Turbo Gas Turbine III | IV | 8192 | 50% |

## Multiblock Gas Turbine

Available at early EV, there is a large gas turbine. It is bigger, more complicated, and more expensive than single block generators, but can get much higher efficiency. It requires a rotor, which determines the efficiency and amount of energy produced per tick. Note that these are capable of wasting fuel, unlike single block turbines- they'll always use exactly their ideal flow amount, even if the extra power is being wasted. Before version 2.2.0.0 large turbines explode if you produced more power than the dynamo hatch can output (I.E. make 2400 EU/t with an EV dynamo hatch), after 2.2.0.0 any excess energy is just wasted causing no harm. The power produced is based entirely on your choice of rotor, from 150 EU/t with cheap, low-quality material small rotors, to 25,600 EU/t with a huge infinity rotor. Also, make sure that nothing is in the empty space 1 block in front of the front face of the turbine (where the "rotor" is visually showing), otherwise it can cause issues with the multiblock formation.

To maximize the output and fuel efficiency of the Large Turbine, a *Fluid Regulator* must be installed on the fuel input hatch. Unregulated fuel flow will cause the turbine to produce less EU/t and produce less EU per L of fuel.

### Rotors

Rotors work more intuitively with these than with steam turbines- they simply say how much EU they'll produce per tick. **Multiply the EU/t stated on the rotor with the Efficiency stated on the rotor to find the maximum output possible with this rotor. Note that this is only the maximum output; the actual output is computed from the optimal flow value. Installing a rotor with a greater EU/t rating will not necessarily increase the turbine's output; for increased output, the new rotor must either result in a greater optimal flow value or have a greater Efficiency rating.**

The Fluid Regulator on the fuel hatch must be set to a specific optimal value given by the rotor installed and the fuel used by the turbine. To find the optimal value, simply run the turbine for a short while and then use your Scanner on it to find the *Optimal Flow* value, and use that to set the regulator. Alternately, you can compute the optimal value ahead of time by finding the burn value of the fuel in EU/L, dividing it into the EU/t stated on the rotor, and rounding down. (To find the EU/L burn value of a fuel, look up the fuel cell in NEI and right-click on it, then look for the *Gas Turbine Fuels* page to see the burn value in EU/cell, and then divide that by 1,000.).

For example, with a rotor rated for 900 EU/t and a fuel (Benzene) that burns for 288 EU/L, the optimal flow value will be 900 / 288 = 3.125 ~= **3 L/t**. Note that a rotor rated for 1000 EU/t would also have an optimal flow value of 3 L/t and (with a properly configured Fluid Regulator) would not burn fuel any faster than the 900 EU/t rotor, nor would it produce any more power unless its Efficiency rating is greater.

There are small rotors available at MV, regular sized rotors, available at late HV, large rotors available in EV, and huge rotors available once you've obtained a fusion reactor. Larger rotors process more gas and are generally more efficient, but are more expensive. Rotors are also used in large steam turbines and in large plasma turbines.

## Optimal Flow (Gas)

By now, you should know that each type of Large Turbine (Normal, High Pressure, Gas, Plasma) has a specific nominal EU output.

The nominal EU output of gas is the same as the Optimal Steam Flow. This calculated value should be stated on the rotor you plan to use under "Optimal Gas Flow" or "Optimal Steam Flow." This is actually the nominal EU output that this rotor is capable of generating if given the correct amount of gas at the correct rate.

Since this nominal EU output is in EU/t, we will then want to calculate just how much gas we need to feed into the turbine (and at what rate) to obtain our nominal EU output out of our turbine.

## Rate of Gas

We want to know how much gas we need to generate the optimal amount of EU/t from our rotor and turbine. The formula we care about to do this calculation is (Optimal Flow) = (Nominal Output) / (Fuel Value)

### Fuel Value of Gas

First, we need to know the fuel value of the gas we are using. Let's say we are using Biogas. In GT:NH, 1 cell of biogas gives 40000 EU. We want the EU/L fuel value, so we divide by 1000, since 1 cell = 1000L. 40000/1000 = 40 EU/L. Now that we have a fuel value, we just need to divide this number from our Nominal Output to get the Optimal Gas Flow.

### Optimal Flow of Gas

Let's say we are working with a rotor with 96000 L/s optimal steam flow. The nominal output of this rotor is 96000 = 96000 EU/s. Dividing by our fuel value of biogas gives 96000/40 = 2400 L/s or 120 L/t optimal gas flow.

### Results

This means that if our Large Gas Turbine is fed 2400 Liters of biogas per second, our rotor (with 96000 L/s optimal steam flow) will generate 96000 EU/s or 4800 EU/t, before efficiency.

## Fuel Options

### Benzene

Benzene is the most popular power source to be processed through Gas Turbines. It can be sourced directly from Wood, so a typical tree farm can generate a lot of power through Benzene, much more than if you burned the Wood itself or Charcoal. This will require more processing steps, however, but the output will make it more than worth it. Using a Pyrolyse Oven, Wood can be turned into Charcoal where Wood Tar can be fluid extracted from, with the Oven giving even more Wood Tar. This fluid can then be converted to Benzene, and later on into 5 different fluids at once, in a Distillation Tower, there 3 of them are good Gas Turbine fuels.

### Oil Products

The main Oil power generation needs to go into Combustion Generators, but some products such as Refinery Gas (with 160k EU fuel value) and Naphtha (with 320k EU fuel value) can be converted into energy in Gas Turbines. Beyond this, there are several other products that Distillation Towers will output throughout the processing, including some of the ones obtained from the Benzene chain.

### Biogas

Biogas is an easy-to-make renewable fuel source. 1 cell of methane can be distilled into 3 cells of biogas, 10L of IC2 biomass can be distilled into 16L of biogas (or 3 cells to 8 cells in a distillation tower), or 10L of fermented biomass can be distilled into 18L of biogas. One cell of biogas produces 40,000 EU. Biogas isn't particularly efficient, but is very easy to make. Biogas can also be used to power an IC2 Jetpack, which is less efficient than powering an electric jetpack and using the biogas to produce EU, but one tank of biogas lasts a lot longer than a full electric jetpack, and is easier to refill on the run.

### Notes

In general, the more energy-dense a particular fuel is, the less you have to feed that gas per second into the Large Turbine. For example, if you chose to use Benzene over Biogas, you would typically end up feeding less Benzene gas per second vs Biogas per second to achieve nominal EU output (assuming you use the same type of rotor in both scenarios).

### Table of Gas

Gas | K EU/cell |
---|---|

Hydrogen | 20 |

Natural Gas | 20 |

Wood Gas | 24 |

Carbon Monoxide | 24 |

Sulfuric Gas | 25 |

Biogas | 40 |

Sulfuric Naphtha | 40 |

Coal Gas | 96 |

Methane | 104 |

Ethylene | 128 |

Refinery Gas | 160 |

Ethane | 168 |

Propene | 192 |

Butadiene | 206 |

Propane | 232 |

Rocket Fuel | 250 |

Butene | 256 |

Phenol | 288 |

Butane | 296 |

LPG | 320 |

Naphtha | 320 |

Toluene | 328 |

Benzene | 360 |

Tert-Butylbenzene | 420 |

Nitrobenzene | 1600 |